EMF Report

115 Juliad Court, Suite 105

Fredericksburg VA, 21206

Fredericksburg VA, 21206

Fredericksburg VA, 21206

www.vitatech.net

April 29th, 2016

Ryan Stearns

Good Health Saunas

2140 West Wisconsin Ave.

Appleton, Wisconsin 54914

Subject: AC ELF EMF/EMC Magnetic and Electric Field Testing for Good Health Saunas

Vitatech Electromagnetics, LLC was commissioned by Good Health Saunas to perform comprehensive AC ELF EMF/EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) testing for two 330 watt 120 V panel heaters. Vitatech operated the heater under normal electrical load in its regular ON/OFF settings to identify the peak magnetic and electric field emission levels emitted from the heater per full compliance testing. In addition to the normal magnetic and electric field testing at the common power frequency of 60 Hz, Vitatech measured the AC ELF (30 Hz to 3000 Hz) magnetic fields emanating from the Good Health Saunas sauna heaters from 30 Hz to 3 kHz frequency range and the electric field strength levels from 5 Hz to 500 Hz. For this test, two comparable models, ending in model numbers 012 and 006 were tested in a low environment testing location. The survey was performed on April 26th, 2016, by EMF Technician Christina Vitale and EMI Engineer Jan Heindel.

Executive Summary

The results of the electromagnetic compatibility testing indicate that both heaters tested emitted very low electromagnetic fields (EMF) and not only meet all known federal, state, and industry standards but exceed these standards exhibiting fields as low 0.18 mG. Vitatech recommends 10 mG or less for long term human exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). Additionally, the peak electric field strength levels recorded at both panels are within ICNIRP recommended 4,167 V/m human health exposure limit for the general public and fully complies with Vitatech’s recommended exposure threshold

AC ELF Electromagnetic Inference (EMI)

Electromagnetic induction occurs when time-varying AC magnetic fields couple with any conductive object including wires, electronic equipment and people, thereby inducing circulating currents and voltages. In unshielded (susceptible) electronic equipment (computer monitors, video projectors, computers, televisions, LANs, diagnostic instruments, magnetic media, etc.) and signal cables (audio, video, telephone, data), electromagnetic induction generates electromagnetic interference (EMI), which is manifested as visible screen jitter in displays, hum in analog telephone/audio equipment, lost sync in video equipment and data errors in magnetic media or digital signal cables.

Magnetic flux density susceptibility can be specified in one of three terms: B rms, B peak-topeak (p-p) and B peak (p) according to Equation 1 below:

Purpose

The objective of the AC ELF EMF testing services performed for the two sauna heaters was to identify the peak magnetic flux density levels emanating from the sauna heaters under normal ON and OFF settings and compare the recorded data with both current federal/state/industry standards and Vitatech Electromagnetics’ 10 mG RMS recommended long-term human health exposure as presented in Exhibit A, Recommended 50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human Exposure & EMI Immunity Standards (July 2015). It should be noted that all recorded time-varying 60 Hz magnetic flux density levels within this report are presenting in peak-to-peak units of mG (milligauss) in the Bx, By and Bz axes and then converted to Br resultant RMS (root-means-square) units. All electric field strength levels are presented in isotropic V/m (volt-per-meter) units which is similar to the Br resultant for magnetic fields.

AC ELF Magnetic Flux Density Site Assessments

Vitatech recorded timed AC ELF magnetic flux density levels at a separation distance of two (2”) inches from the Good Health Saunas 330 watt 120 volt panel heater for 6 to 10 minutes and at 16” and 25” from the floor and/or base. Vitatech recorded the AC ELF (30 to 3000 Hz) magnetic fields in peak-to-peak units as shown in Figures #1 and #2, then converted (see Equation #1 on previous page) into Br resultant RMS units which is normally used when evaluating the potential impact on long-term human health.

Table 1: AC ELF Magnetic Flux Density Peak Summary vs. Baseline Levels

Peak Magnetic Field Level At 16” from floor Peak Magnetic Field Level At 25” from floor Baseline Peak Ambient Magnetic
RF151014-012 0.140 mG RMS 0.143 mG RMS 0.08 mG RMS
RF151014-006 0.181 mG RMS 0.123 mG RMS 0.08 mG RMS

Image 1: Probe ~25” from Floor/ 2” from Panel

Image 2: Probe ~16” from Floor/ 2” from Panel

Figure #1, Panel RF151014-012 Magnetic Field Testing, presents the magnetic flux density levels recorded at the panel heater powered ON and OFF at 16” and 25” from the floor and within 2” from panel heater. As shown in Figure #1, a peak of 0.14 mG RMS was recorded at 25” from floor (nearby power supply). At 16” from floor and almost center of panel, a peak of 0.143 mG RMS was recorded. A baseline Br resultant sample of 0.08 mG RMS is shown within the graphic to compare the ambient levels on the room before panel heaters were tested.

Figure #2, Panel RF151014-006 Magnetic Field Testing, presents the magnetic flux density levels recorded at the panel heater powered ON and OFF at 16” and 25” from the floor and within 2” from panel heater. As shown in Figure #2, a peak of 0.181 mG RMS was recorded at 25” from floor (nearby power supply). At 16” from floor and <20” from power supply, a peak of 0.123 mG RMS was recorded. A baseline Br resultant sample of 0.08 mG RMS is shown within the graphic to compare the ambient levels on the room before panel heaters were tested.

Magnetic Flux Density Conclusions

It can be seen from the above table and summaries that the Br resultant magnetic flux density range is between 0.14 mG RMS and 0.181 mG RMS at the panel heater power source. This peak level is within Vitatech’s recommended 10 mG RMS human health exposure limit (see Exhibit A, Recommended 50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human Exposure & EMI Immunity Standards (July 2015))

AC ELF Electric Field Strength Site Assessments

Vitatech recorded timed AC ELF electric field strength with the EHP-50D isotropic threeaxis electric field meter at a separation distance of two (>2”) inches from the Good Health Saunas 330 watt 120 volt panel heater for several seconds. The following table presents the isotropic peaks while heater panel is operational and not operational:

Table 2: AC ELF Electric Field Strength Powered ON and OFF

Electric Field Strength Powered ON (Isotropic) Powered ON (Isotropic)
Electric Field Strength Powered OFF (Isotropic Ambient Levels)
RF151014-012 239.30 V/m 0.2855 V/m
RF151014-006 242.11 V/m 0.1720 V/m

Image 3: Probe ~2” from Panel

Figure 3, Panel RF151014-012 Electric Field Testing, presents the electric field levels recorded with the EHP-50D isotropic three-axis electric field meter at a separation distance of ~2 inches from the 330 watt 120 volt heater panel during operational modes (ON/OFF). As seen in Figure #3, a peak electric field strength of 239.30 V/m was recorded while powered ON and decays to 0.2855 V/m when OFF.

Figure 4, Panel RF151014-006 Electric Field Testing, presents the electric field levels recorded with the EHP-50D isotropic three-axis electric field meter at a separation distance of ~2 inches from the 330 watt 120 volt heater panel during operational modes (ON/OFF). As seen in Figure #4, a peak electric field strength of 242.11 V/m was recorded while powered ON and decays to 0.1720 V/m when OFF.

Electric Field Strength Conclusions

The peak electric field strength levels recorded at both panels are within ICNIRP recommended 4,167 V/m human health exposure limit for the general public and fully complies with Vitatech’s recommended exposure threshold

AC ELF Test Instruments

Bartington MAG-03MC100 Fluxgate Magnetometer

Vitatech recorded three-axis DC to AC ELF magnetic flux density data from DC to 3000 Hz with a Bartington MAG-03MCT100 (S/N Serial #3094) 1 Gauss fluxgate magnetometer sampled at 3840 Hz with a National Instruments (NI) 24 bit USB-4432 three-channel A/D system and processed/stored by a custom design NI evaluation program that displays the peak-to-peak AC ELF and DC three-axis Bx, By and Bz data in units of milligauss (mG). The Bartington fluxgate probe has a 1 nT (0.01 mG) resolution, ±0.5% accuracy, and <0.0015% linearity error.

Three-Axis Electric & Magnetic Field Measurement EHP-50D

Vitatech recorded isotropic electric field strength levels in units of V/m from 5 Hz to 500 Hz with the EHP-50D (S/N 120WX20738) three-axis electric and magnetic field meter. The EHP50D probe has an electric field measurement range of 0.1 V/m – 100 kVm in each axis (Ex, Ey, Ez) and provides isotropic (E resultant) and individual Ex, Ey and Ez electric field levels in units of V/m. The EHP-50D was connected via a fiber-optic cable and USB to our laptop computer when recording isotropic electric field data during data testing.

This completed the AC ELF EMF/EMC Magnetic and Electric Field Testing for Good Health Saunas

The contents of this report are intended for the exclusive use of Good Health Saunas.

Best Regards,

Vitatech EMF Technician

Attachments: Figures #1-#4, Magnetic & Electric Field Testing Results

Exhibit A, Recommended 50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human Exposure & EMI

Immunity Standards (July 2015)

FIGURE #1, Good Health Sauna EMF/EMC Magnetic Field Testing

AC ELF Magnetic Flux Density 0 Hz to 3000 Hz Data
Instrument: Three Single-Axis Bartington Magneometer 24-Bit

FIGURE #2, Good Health Sauna EMF/EMC Magnetic Field Testing

AC ELF Magnetic Flux Density 0 Hz to 3000 Hz Data
Instrument: Three Single-Axis Bartington Magneometer 24-Bit

FIGURE #3, Good Health Sauna Electric Field Testing

AC ELF Electric Field Testing
Instrument: PMM 8053 Portable Field Meter and EPH 50B Pro

FIGURE #4, Good Health Sauna Electric Field Testing

AC ELF Electric Field Testing
Instrument: PMM 8053 Portable Field Meter and EPH 50B Pro

EXHIBIT A

115 Juliad Court, Suite 105

Fredericksburg VA, 22406

Phone 540 286 1984

Fax 540 268 1865

www.vitatech.net

Recommended 50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human

Exposure & EMI Immunity Standards (July 2015)

Human Exposure Issues & Electronic Equipment Immunity Standards

The last two (2) decades Vitatech has recommended 1 µT RMS (10 mG RMS) and less (see AC ELF EMF Health Issues for details) as the acceptable long-term (6 to 8 hours or more) human exposure standard and EMI immunity threshold for residential, commercial, university, research, and medical occupied areas without EMI sensitive scientific and diagnostic instruments and equipment.

Vitatech recommends applying the appropriate mitigation controls (i.e., magnetic shielding, increased separation distances, etc.) to the extent practicable to achieve acceptable long-term exposure levels to members of the public and occupational workers that are “as low as is reasonably achievable” (ALARA) in environments where they must live and / or work for more than eight (8) hours per day with or without their knowledge or consent. However, we do not recommend AC ELF magnetic shielding in transit areas such as sidewalks, lobbies, hallways, parking garages, cafeterias and walkways unless the magnetic field emissions approach 100 µT RMS (1000 mG RMS) which is the 60 Hz EMI magnetic field threshold for implantable medical devices (i.e., pacemakers, defibrillators, insulin pumps, etc.).

The European international 50/60 Hz magnetic field electronic and electrical equipment immunity standard, IEC 61000-6-1.2005-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 6-1: Generic standards – Immunity for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments recommends a maximum of 3 A/m RMS (Level / Class 2) magnetic field strength which converts to 3.77 µT RMS (37.7 mG RMS). Note: multiply A/m by 4π to convert to magnetic flux density. In Europe, UK and other countries around the world except the United States, electronic and electrical equipment must be tested and CE certified to the IEC 61000-4-8 EMC Part 4-8 Testing and measurement techniques – Power frequency magnetic field immunity test for residential and commercial locations, industrial installations and power plants and medium and high voltage substations. IEC 61000-4-8 tests and certifies with a CE stamp one of six (6) classifications of Level / Class (1 to x) according to the EMC environmental requirements shown in Table 1 on the next page:

50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human & EMI Standards

Vitatech Electromagnetics, LLC

Page 2 of 5


Table 1 – Test Levels For Continuous Field
Environment Magnetic Field Strength (Magnetic Flux Density)
Level / Class 1: 1 A/m (1.26 uT RMS or 12.6 mG RMS)
Level / Class 2: 3 A/m (3.77 uT RMS or 37.7 mG RMS)
Level / Class 3: 10 A/m (12.6 uT RMS or 126 mG RMS)
Level / Class 4: 30 A/m (37.3 uT RMS or 377 mG RMS)
Level / Class 5: 100 A/m (120 uT RMS or 1260 mG RMS)
Level / Class x: special

The IEC 61000-4-8 Level / Class 2 threshold of 3.77 µT RMS (37.7 mG RMS) is 3.7 times higher than the Vitatech 1 µT RMS (10 mG RMS) level recommended for commercial buildings and long-term occupancy (residential, etc.) in NYC, around the US and in several European countries. CRT monitors would not operate in 3.77 µT RMS (37.7 mG RMS) environments displaying screen jitter (waving back-andforth); however, in the last decade most CRT monitors have been replaced by LCD monitors which are EMI immune to levels exceeding 100 µT RMS (1000 mG RMS) and does not display screen jitter. But any electronic, computer, control and communications equipment could experience EMI issues at 3.77 µT RMS (37.7 mG RMS) unless there is a CE mark specifying compliance with IEC/EN 61000-4-8 Level 2 EMC standard.

European electronic equipment manufacturers’ are legally required to test, verify and document compliance to the International IEC/EN EMC standards in the Operator’s Manual, but U.S. manufactured equipment only requires compliance to the FCC standards for EMI/RFI immunity unless they sell their electronic and electrical products in Europe. Regardless, Vitatech still recommends 1 µT RMS (10 mG RMS) as a reasonable EMI threshold for electronic and electrical equipment including long-term human exposure based upon the ALARA Principle (Suggestion — Google “ALARA”).

50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human & EMI Standards

Vitatech Electromagnetics, LLC

Page 3 of 5

AC ELF EMF Health Issues

VitaTech defines AC ELF magnetic flux density emissions according to six orders of magnitude from low, elevated, high, very high, extremely high to potentially hazardous:

  • First order of magnitude 0.1 to 0.99 µT (1 to 9.9 mG) as low,
  • Second order of magnitude 1 to 9.9 µT (10 to 99 mG) as elevated
  • Third orderof magnitude 10 to 99.9 µT (100 to 999 mG) as high,
  • Fourth orderof magnitude 100 to 999.9 µT (1000 to 9,999 mG) as very high,
  • Fifth order 1000 to 9999.9 µT (10,000 to 99,999 mG) as extremely high
  • Sixth order10,000 to 99,999 µT (100,000 to 999,999 mG) as potentially hazardous.

Warning: at AC ELF magnetic flux density levels exceeding 5,000 µT (50,000 mG) (10 mA/m2 induced current density threshold used by WHO, ACGHI, CENELEC, DIN/VDE, NRPG & NCRP), the human body experiences physiological and / or neurological responses because of induced currents within body tissues, organs and neurons. The actual biological effect depends on the magnitude, polarization, proximity and exposure time to extremely high and potentially hazardous magnetic field sources. Finally, information about AC ELF EMF Health Issues and Vitatech’s 1 µT (10 mG) recommended long-term human exposure limit are discussed in the next section.

AC ELF Magnetic Field Health Issues, Standards & Guidelines

Currently, there are no Federal standards for AC ELF electric and magnetic field levels. The National Energy Policy Act of 1992 authorized the Secretary of the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish a five-year, $65 million EMF Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program to ascertain the effects of ELF EMF on human health, develop magnetic field mitigation technologies, and provide information to the public. In May 1999, the NIEHS Director Kenneth Olden, Ph.D. delivered his final report, Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields, to Congress that stated the following in the Cover Letter and Executive Summary below:

The scientific evidence suggesting that ELF-EMF exposures pose any health risk is weak. The strongest evidence for health effects comes from associations observed in human populations with two forms of cancer: childhood leukemia and chronic lymphocytic leukemia in occupationally exposed adults… The NIEHS concludes that ELF-EMI exposure cannot be recognized at this time as entirely safe because of weak scientific evidence that exposure may pose a leukemia hazard.

U.S. & International Organizational AC ELF EMF Standards

In 2010 the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (IRPA/INIRC) increased the 2002 maximum human exposure limit for 50/60 Hz magnetic fields for the general public over 24 hours from 833 mG RMS to 2000 mG

50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human & EMI Standards

Vitatech Electromagnetics, LLC

Page 4 of 5

RMS and for occupational workers from 4,167 mG to 10,000 mG RMS. Whereas The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) recommends a 10,000 mG (10 Gauss) exposure limit over 24 hours for occupational workers, but specifies 1,000 mG (1 Gauss) as a maximum exposure for workers with cardiac pacemakers.

Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)

Currently no specific OSHA standards address AC ELF (extremely low frequency) magnetic fields and recommended human exposure limits. “Some epidemiological studies have suggested increased cancer risk associated with magnetic field exposures near electric power lines”, as stated on OSHA website.

New York State Public Service Commission AC ELF EMF Standards

Effective September 1990, the State of New York Public Service Commission (PSC) “began a process looking toward the adoption of an interim magnetic field standard for future major electric transmission facilities”. The Commission concludes that a prudent approach should be taken that will avoid unnecessary increases in existing levels of magnetic field exposure. Therefore, future transmission circuits shall be designed, constructed and operated such that magnetic fields at the edges of their rights-of-way will not exceed 20 µT (200 mG) when the circuit phase currents are equal to the winter-normal conductor rating. They also established an electric field strength interim standard of 1.6 kV/m electric transmission facilities.

IARC June 2002 Report

In June 2002, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) issued a 400+ page report formally classifying extremely low frequency magnetic fields as possibly carcinogenic to humans based on studies of EMF and childhood leukemia. This is the first time that a recognized public health organization has formally classified EMF as a possible cause of human cancer. IARC found that, while selection bias in the childhood leukemia studies could not be ruled out, pooled analyses of data from a number of well-conducted studies show a fairly consistent statistical association between childhood leukemia and power-frequency residential magnetic fields above 0.4 µT (4 mG), with an approximately two-fold increase in risk that is unlikely to be due to chance.

IARC is a branch of the World Health Organization. The IARC classification of EMF was made by a panel of scientists from the U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.K. National Radiological Protection Board, the California Department of Health Services, EPRI, and other institutions around the world.

Switzerland’s February 2000 AC ELF Standard

The Swiss Bundersrat in February 2000 set by law an emission control limit of 1 µT (10 mG) from overhead and underground transmission lines, substations, transformer vaults and all electrical power sources.

50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human & EMI Standards

Vitatech Electromagnetics, LLC

Page 5 of 5

VitaTech’s & NCRP Draft Recommended 10 mG Standard

Section 8.4.1.3 option 3 in the National Council of Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) draft report published in the July/August 1995 issue of Microwave News (visit the Microwave News Homepage for the entire draft report) recommended the following on the next page:

8.4.1.3 Option 3: An exposure guideline of 1 µT (10 mG) and 100 V/m: A considerable body of observations has documented bioeffects of fields at these strengths across the gamut from isolated cells to animals, and in man. Although the majority of these reported effects do not fall directly in the category of hazards, many may be regarded as potentially hazardous. Since epidemiological studies point to increased cancer risks at even lower levels, a case can be made for recommending 1 µT (10 mG) and 100 V/m as levels not to be exceeded in prolonged human exposures. Most homes and occupational environments are within these values, but it would be prudent to assume that higher levels may constitute a health risk. In the short term, a safety guideline set at this level would have significant consequences, particularly in occupational settings and close to high voltage transmission and distribution systems, but it is unlikely to disrupt the present pattern of electricity usage. These levels may be exceeded in homes close to transmission lines, distribution lines and transformer substations, in some occupational environments, and for users of devices that operate close to the body, such as hair dryers and electric blankets. From a different perspective, adoption of such a guideline would serve a dual purpose: first, as a vehicle for public instruction on potential health hazards of existing systems that generate fields above these levels, as a basis for “prudent avoidance”; and second, as a point of departure in planning for acceptable field levels in future developments in housing, schooling, and the workplace, and in transportation systems, both public and private, that will be increasingly dependent on electric propulsion.

Please email or call if you have any questions.

Best regards,

Louis S. Vitale, Jr.

Chief Operating Officer (COO) & Founder

50/60 Hz Magnetic Field Human & EMI Standards

Vitatech Electromagnetics, LLC

Page 6 of 5

U.S. Agency & International EMF Recommendations

Organization & Agency Standards Public Exposure Limit Notes
Vitatech Electromagnetics, National Council of Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) draft report & Moody’s Section 2.4 (a) Electromagnetic Field Acceptable Exposure Limits 10 mG Exposure limit over 8 hours recommended for commercial and residential occupancy in New York City.
State of New York Public Service Commission 200 mG Measured at the edge of the Right-of-Way (ROW)
International Commission on NonIonizing Radiation Protection (IRPA/INIRC) 2,000 mG to

10,000 mG
50/60 Hz magnetic fields for the general public and occupational workers over 24 hours. 1000 mG for implantable devices (i.e., cardiac pacemakers, etc.).
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) 1,000 mG to 10,000 mG Exposure limit over 24 hours: 10,000 mG for occupational workers and 1,000 mG for workers with cardiac pacemakers and implantable devices
International Standards Public Exposure Limit Notes
Sweden 2 mG Limit set in 1996. Policy also urges new electrical installations to be designed and constructed to limit EMF exposure.
Denmark 4 mG Introduced as a voluntary measure in 2009.
Norway 4 mG Established in 2007. National policy also recommends locating electrical facilities as far from residences as cost effective and practical.
Netherlands 4 mG Recommended limit in new homes since 2005. For existing homes, the limit is 1,000 mG
Switzerland 10 mG Basic limit is 1,000 mG but for rooms in buildings occupied for significant periods of time, children’s playground, etc., the limit is 10 mG.
Italy 30 mG 30 mG for new homes. 2 mG for areas where people spend more than 4 hours per day.